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        2020年成人高考專升本復習資料之英語考試必考語法知識整理

        2019-11-13 11:06:38   來源:湖南成考網    點擊: 學習交流群+ 加入 微信公眾號+ 關注
        作者:胡老師
          2020年成人高考專升本復習資料之英語考試必考語法知識整理

          一、動詞時態及語態題(大家應該記住我所講過的九種時態,特別是其中的過去完成,過去進行時,客觀真理要用一般現在時等)

          1、The manager told us that this factory was built in 1958.

          2、By the time we got there, the play had already begun.

          3、When I was a child, I knew that the earth turns about its axis.

          4、When Mr.Delay got home after a day's exhausting work, his wife and children were sleeping.

          二、非謂語動詞題(特別是現在分詞與過時分詞的區別,大家一定要弄明白主動與被動這對最最重要的區別,要求大家多看我的上課筆記)

          1、The film showed last night was very moving. (不用moved,大家別忘了-ed形容詞和-ing形容詞的區別)

          2、Having finishing his lecture, the teacher asked if anyone wished to asked a question.

          3、The problem being discussed is very important.

          4、Given more time, we are sure to finish it.

          5、Will you please make yourself known to everyone here

          三、It作形式主語及形式賓語題(這也是一個常考點,it本身是沒有意思的,注意it還可以指時間,天氣等。)

          1、It is difficult to study English well.

          2、We think it is important to pass the exam.

          四、強調句型(大家要記住的是it is (was)……。that…。,如果前面是it iswas 后面往往選用that,當然強調人的時候也可用who)

          1、It was at an evening party that I first saw her.

          2、It is what you will do that is important.

          3、When was it that he bought a new car

          五、倒裝句型

          全部倒裝句(這種全部倒裝題歷年只考過一次,考得最多的都是下面的部分倒裝)

          1、Stop talking! There comes the teacher.

          部分倒裝句(如果選項里面有兩個主謂倒裝了,兩個沒有,我們一般要在倒裝里做選擇)

          1、So badly was he hurt in the accident that he had to be sent to hospital.

          2、Not only does he study well, but also he is always ready to help others.

          3、Mary has done well in the English exam. So she has. She always does well in the exam.

          六、從句中選擇關系詞題(重點在定語從句,多看筆記, becausesincenow thatasfor; so…that…such… that…)

          1、It was in so friendly a way that he talked with us.

          2、Oct.15, 2005 is a day when we will take our English examination.

          3、We want to buy the same book as you are reading.

          4、The sun heats the earth, which is very important to living things.

          七、虛擬語氣(我們要記住與現在,過去,將來相反的三種情況,特別是與過去相反的情況最常考,再有就是wishas if 后面所接的三種情況,還有一個常考點在suggest,demand,require,order等表示建議,要求,命令的詞后面加從句時,從句里謂語要用(should)+動詞原形,如果是被動則用(should +be +動詞過去分詞)

          1、I would have done it better if I had had more time.

          2、I wish you would go with us tomorrow.

          3、I suggest that we (should )adopt a different policy.

          4、Had it not been for your help, we would never have been able to get over the difficulties.

          八、情態動詞題(除了掌握常見情態動詞基本用法外,常考點在三種表推測的情況,分別為must表對現在事情的肯定推測 ,can't表對現在事實的否定推測, must have +v-ed表示對過去事實的肯定推測,而則表示過去應該做某事而沒有做)

          1、The ground is so wet, it must have rained last night.

          2、She must be a doctor, I think.

          3、I should have called you last week, but I was too busy then.

          九、幾組形容詞及副詞區別題(注意比較級、最高級、倍數表達; likelypossibleprobable; worthworthy; too muchmuch too; alreadyyet等)

          1、His books are three time as many as my books.

          2、The Nile river is the longest river in the world.

          3、It is much too hot tonight.

          4、The harder he worked, the happier he felt.

          十、主謂一致題(往往出題者都是考謂語動詞選單數這種情況,如each,every,everyone這樣的詞作主語以及Mary, like many other girls likes listening to music這樣的題)

          1、The moral of the officers and crew was very high.

          2、Each boy and each girl in the city is asked to go to school.

          3、Neither the quality nor the prices have changed.(近位原則)

          十一、動詞及動詞詞組區別題(常考的有raiserisearisearose; spendcosttakepayafford; woundinjurehurtdamage; findfindoutdiscoverinvent; hitstrikeringbeat; tellsayspeaktalk; joinjoin intake part in等以及我所講過的動詞短語)

          1、Can you tell the difference between these two words

          2、He joined the army three years ago.

          十二、主句用將來時,從句則用一般現在時(或現在完成時)表將來題

          1、They will leave the classroom when they have finished writing.

          2、We will start to work as soon as our teacher comes.

          十三、名詞所有格以及名詞后面有限定時則該名詞前一定要加定冠詞the題(名詞的格有以下兩種情況,Tom'book, 以及 the books of our school,特別是用of表示的所有格我們一定要習慣這種表達)

          1、Beijing is the capital of China.

          2、He can't have the expience of all of the world.

          十四、常用介詞區別題(如on, in, except besides, within, without, through等)

          1、You should write in ink not with your pencil.

          2、He pulled her into the train by the arm.

          3、by bustrainair…。 On foot, on the farm, in the morningafternoonevening, at nightnoon

          十五、常考代詞題(常考的有otherothers, anotherthe other; sometimessome timesometime; thatwhich; thatwhat, eitherneitheror; tooalsoeither; manymucha great deal ofa great number ofa great amount of; a fewfewlittlea little; as long asas far as; so long asso far as )

          1、That you don't like him is none of my business.

          2、The weather in the north is much colder than that in the south in January.

          3、He must be a worker. I think so.

          

        2020年成人高考專升本復習資料之英語考試必考語法知識整理

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